Analog Corner #27

Our intrepid reporter had no idea why 650,000 records were in a warehouse in York, or who owned them, but he took the bait nevertheless. Photos by Michael Fremer.

(Originally published in Stereophile, October 12th, 1997)

I heard this story from a manufacturer whose car broke down somewhere in a rundown Queens neighborhood one afternoon: He went into a bodega to make a phone call and struck up a conversation with the owner. Their talk led to audio, then to a trip to the basement of the former record store, where thousands of Living Stereos and other audiophile treasures had been sitting for decades, gathering dust and value. The manufacturer would visit each week and walk out with a few hundred unplayed gems, for which he'd pay a few bucks each.

True story? Audiophile wet dream? Who knows? Who cares? We love this stuff. So when I got a call from Rick Flynn (proprietor of Quality Vinyl, a mail-order, audiophile-oriented record dealer) about 650,000 records—every one of them stone-cold mint—locked in a warehouse in York, Pennsylvania since 1973, and would I like to have a look...I bit.

To York, you dork
The two-and-a-half-hour springtime drive to York was pleasant enough; I passed Dorney Park Amusement Center and skirted temptingly close to a literal drive up the Hershey Highway. But with visions of 650,000 LPs dancing in my head, I passed on the sweets and made my way to York. Flynn hadn't filled me in on the details. I had no idea why 650,000 records were in a warehouse in York, or who owned them.

When I pulled up to the '60s-style building, located in a semi-rural area strip-zoned for industrial growth, I felt as if I'd entered a time warp: Weeds were eating away at the foundation of the giant, one-floor warehouse, and sprouting up through cracks in the parking lot's asphalt. I walked through the open front door. The placed looked and smelled as if no one had been there for years. I heard voices, followed them past a rack of ancient, cobweb-encrusted tape-duplication machinery, and found myself in an office.

The last time I'd been in an office like this had been in 1973. It was a place called Music Merchants in Woburn, Massachusetts, a record "one-stop" owned by the late Howie Ring, who also owned New England Music City and Cheap Thrills, a chain of Boston-area record stores for which I created radio commercials that announced new releases while politically satirizing Watergate, the war in Vietnam, and the likes of Anita Bryant and Jesse Helms. Ring was thrown from his Mercedes in a traffic accident. No seatbelt.

Anyway, this office had the same shag rug, the same orange-and-brown "earth tone" decorating scheme, the same wood-paneled walls, the same all-mechanical office equipment. There wasn't a computer in sight. You could almost smell the cigar of the balding, rotund, bespectacled accountant who must have operated the forbidding-looking adding machine in the adjoining room. What a memory rush!

In the office were Rick Flynn and the man whose office it was: Sig Friedman, a well-maintained, late-50s–looking kind of guy, and president and founder of RCOA, The Record Club of America. Remember RCOA? Well, the Club has been inactive since 1973, but it still has inventory: those 650,000 mint unplayed LPs, the last of which entered the warehouse in the early '70s. You know what that means: not a single "digitally remastered for better sound" record among them.

Friedman, a lifelong record fanatic, attended Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island during the late 1950s. Very few record stores at the time had "deep" catalog, and none of them were in Providence. So Friedman made weekly trips to Boston for his vinyl fix. Friends would ask him to pick up records for them. It got so big, he began buying from distributors and turning it into a little side business. Soon he was posting flyers at colleges all over New England offering any record in the Schwann catalog. Kids bit.

That graduated into campus reps handling the business. Friedman would batch the orders and every few weeks visit Boston, where not only Capitol, Columbia, and Decca had factory branches, but also where large, independent distributors like Music Suppliers of New England would fill the more esoteric requests. When Friedman was drafted,his brother filled in, in what was still a very small business.

When Friedman got his discharge he began growing the business, using direct mail—unusual and innovative at the time—to add membership to his "record club." Soon he began advertising in magazines, eventually building up a business that, by 1972, did a total of almost $30 million, with a pre-tax profit of almost $3 million. Three mil in 1972 dollars? Not bad for an individually owned business, eh?

Show us the money!
The huge cash flow thrown off by the business allowed Friedman to buy 60 acres of prime real estate in York, then a pretty sleepy place, and build his warehouse, which he owned outright—it never had a mortgage. Life was sweet. Meanwhile, executives at the major labels who'd signed licensing deals with RCOA were watching this little pitzela rake in the cash. The majors decided they could do record clubs too. And they did, cutting off RCOA. RCOA declared bankruptcy in 1974 and sued the labels for breach of contract. It was, according to Friedman, "the longest successful Chapter 11 proceedings in modern American bankruptcy law, lasting nine years."

According to Friedman, RCOA won a number of the suits, and ended up settling some others for "very substantial amounts, plus interest." Friedman leased the warehouse space out to a direct marketer and made even more money that way. Meanwhile, the 650,000-record inventory sat while the protracted litigation was settled. By the early '80s the compact disc was starting to happen, and Friedman figured the records were worth more as landfill than as anything else. Luckily no swamps near York needed filling, and Friedman had no incentive to do anything with the vinyl but let it sit.

Mikey makes a rare find: unplayed second-pressing Mercuries of Balalaika Favorites.

About a year ago, Friedman started doing some research: Records were coming back. Records were collectible. "I never dreamed Mercury Living Presence records would have value," he told me. "I was shocked." The 650,000 records comprise about 8500 different titles, with about 3000 titles accounting for "a large share" of the discs. The records are, according to Friedman, from "the middle to late '60s up to '73."

"How many other places are there like this?" I asked.

"I don't think there's any like this in the world," he replied. "No business person in their right mind would have held on."

"'re not in your right mind...?"

Show me the records!
All talk and no records makes Mikey a dull boy, so I axed for the guided tour. What's there? Well, first, if you're a savvy record buyer who's thinking, "Ah, record-club records, they never sound as good as the commercial releases," you're right. But not to worry: While major-label record-club releases licensed from other companies were almost always mediocre remasterings from tape copies, done by faceless, uncaring technohacks and usually featuring nonauthentic paper stock and bad printing, not to mention ground-up BIC-pen pressings, all of the RCOAs are identical in every way to the actual label release except for a small disclaimer printed inconspicuously on the jacket. Why? Because all were pressed by the original label.

So the copies of The Allman Brothers Band I examined were identical to the Atco/Capricorn original (SD 33-308): same textured gatefold paper stock, same fine printing job, same thick, beautifully pressed pre-WEA vinyl (mastered, I believe, by the great George Piros), and unplayed! Untouched by a Sears-Roebuck pull-down changer, flip-out speaker, tote-to-a-party "stereo." Untouched by hemp-stained hands. Stone mint. Of course, in the nonaudiophile "collector's" marketplace, sometimes record-club issues are more valuable because they're rarer. Go figure.

Yes, the story was true: There were 650,000 unplayed records in this York warehouse, and there were multiple copies—dozens of copies—of records you might want. Lenny Bruce's Carnegie Hall Concert in the original full-color three-panel UA pressing? Two-and-a-half boxes of those. Bonzo Dog Band albums? Lots of 'em. The Stax original of Albert King's I'll Play the Blues for You, recently reissued by Analog Productions. Sure, you can find used copies of Stevie Wonder's Talking Book at a used-record store or garage sale, but where else are you going to find boxes of unplayed original pressings? Maybe you'd like a copy of the spectacular-sounding Them Featuring Van Morrison, a two-LP set on Parrot records. I counted more than 20 copies; there probably were more.

How about a wall—a whole wall—of Chess and Checker pre-digital unplayed LPs, Bo Diddley, Muddy Waters, and Chuck Berry among them? There's a Berlin Wall's worth of DGs too, including a few dozen copies of the much-sought Carmen with Bernstein conducting. Maybe your taste has finally matured to where you can hear the beauty in the avant-garde blues of Captain Beefheart's Trout Mask Replica. ("It's the blimp Frank!!!!! The mothership!!!'') Boxes of Beefheart originals on Straight Records. And multiple copies of The GTO's Permanent Damage. Where ya gonna find that, bunky?

I saw boxes of Roy Orbison albums I'd never heard of—like Milestones and Roy Orbison Sings. Sure, not peak Roy, but when you gotta fill out a collection, who you gonna call? Where else can you find multiples of unplayed second-pressing Mercurys, including Balalaika Favorites? Or half a wall of Verve jazz? Or a box of mint, unplayed copies of The Who Sell Out—with uncut corners? Now that's a sight worth driving all the way to York to see.

How about a wall—a whole wall—of Chess and Checker pre-digital unplayed LPs, Bo Diddley, Muddy Waters, and Chuck Berry among them? There was a Berlin Wall's worth of DGs too, including a few dozen copies of the much-sought Carmen with Bernstein conducting.

The thin end of the wedge
Of course, there's a downside to all this. For one thing, there's a lot of junk too. Want to buy a few hundred copies of Sonny and Cher Live? I didn't think so. Well, maybe to throw at Sonny. Need a Lawrence Welk fix? And about those Chess and Checkers—unfortunately, many are Dynaflex-thin and electronically reprocessed for stereo. Think about it: the late '60s to early '70s. That era was, for many labels, the nadir, the pits of record production. And then there's what's not there at all: no Columbias, no RCAs, few if any Blue Notes or Prestiges, not many Capitols, no Impulses—and, overall, not a great deal of truly collectible, much-sought-after vinyl...though there is some.

The collection took a year to catalog and assess. The valuables were removed to a smaller room, where they take up two long walls and a set of floor-to-ceiling stacks in between—probably about 25,000 in all, by my guesstimate. The really rare stuff fit easily on Friedman's desk: a mint, unpeeled Velvet Underground "banana" cover; a few copies of Introducing the Beatles on VeeJay—unplayed and not bootlegs. (I forget which song selection and back cover.) Where can you find that? But even of those culled from the collectibles, none were the big prizes—though a full box of sealed, original Let It Bes in the original Capitol pressing plant mailing carton will probably be a big auction item.

The Plan
Did I say "auction''? Don't worry, only a few hundred items are really auctionable, though Friedman told me that if he's got only two or three of an item—whatever it is—he's considering auctioning it. Most of the records will be sold in a set sale catalog being readied as I write this, and probably available as you read this. And don't let my negative assessment give you the wrong idea—that was just to keep your pants from catching fire. There are a lot of great records in this inventory, something for everyone—except digiheads, of course.

Friedman sees the market for his records consisting of audiophiles, the Goldmine crowd, and foreign music buyers interested in anything American made by American artists. Friedman plans to issue "certificates of authenticity" with the collectibles, though I'm not sure most buyers really need that kind of assurance: They'll know they've got the real thing by touching, smelling, and looking at it. How much will your average, run-of-the-mill record like Talking Book sell for? How much would you be willing to pay? I figure you can go to a used-record store and find a nice original copy for under five bucks. The CD buyer will pay about $12 for a poorly packaged, glassy-sounding replica, so would you spend $15 for an unplayed original? I would.

How many records did I go home with? None, of course. How many will I buy? I'll be checking the catalog along with you. Friedman's done direct-mail; he knows what to expect when the catalog hits the public. The plan is to advertise the collection in all of the usual suspects, and it's very possible consumers will be able to drive to York and buy "factory direct" for the same price less postage. But don't drive down yet—at press time that hadn't been decided.

Meanwhile, if you want a catalog you can order one from Quality Vinyl and CD Outlet, 25272 Ripleys Field Drive, South Riding, VA 20152-4441; or call (703) 327-4809; or e-mail . Tell 'em Mikey sent you.

A full box of sealed, original Let it Bes in the original Capitol pressing plant mailing carton.

Online vinyl
Lurking on the Internet is not my idea of a good time, so I can't say I've spent many hours looking for vinyl buying sites. But a few have popped up that are worth a look. One, run by Timewarp Records, gives each record its own page. The records are carefully graded, cleaned on a VPI cleaning machine, and come with a money-back guaranty. Owner Howard Rogers told me he's about to acquire a huge jazz collection from a radio personality; if you're into jazz, you ought to stay on top of this site.

Another site I've tried is run by Vinyl Tap Records in Leeds, UK. It's a well-organized site, and, whaddaya know, most of the records are "imports." As a birthday present to myself I ordered an original Parlophone yellow-and-black–label mono pressing of Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, listed as absolutely mint. By the time I was finished with shipping, it set me back about $100. But hey, you don't turn 50 every day.

When the record arrived, it was anything but mint. It had been cleaned, but, held up to the light, I could see it had been around the platter many times. With mono records you can usually get away with more plays—there's no vertical modulation—but a quick spin revealed lots of audible wear. I e-mailed Vinyl Tap, got an apology, and after they'd received the record back I also got a full refund, plus another e-mail acknowledging their mistake. To err is human. I will definitely try Vinyl Tap again.

And there's a great piece on the vinyl resurgence, by Jody Rosen on the MSNBC Web site. I don't know how long they'll keep it posted, but check out (link no longer valid -ED)—you'll like it!

Finally, yesterday's New York Times carried Joel Brinkley's front-page story about the new proposed DVD audio format. It began, "Now that most Americans have stashed their turntables in the attic...'' You'd think a guy who writes for Stereophile Guide to Home Theater would know better, but noooooooooo. I fired off a letter to The Times citing statistics that prove otherwise. We'll see if they publish it.

Paul Boudreau's picture

Now that sounds like a (vinyl) Magical Mystery Tour!  Wish I had been there.  I bought records from Rick Flynn when he was down here in Northern Virginia, before he moved to York, or maybe just the business did (Red Trumpet), since from your info it looks like he's back.  I'll definitely be sending him an e-mail, thanks.

mraudioguru's picture

I have had a reoccurring dream since I was in my early teens of walking into a basement or old warehouse and finding a stash of new, pristine records.

You stole my dream Mikey.  Well, maybe just postponed it.

jlstrat's picture

Thanks for this one, Michael. I remember RCOM fondly, indeed. My copy of Derek and the Dominoes is from there, as well as Push Push by Herbie Mann (a terrific LP, featuring fine work from Duane Allman), plus many others. And, if I'm not mistaken, Rick Flynn was the proprietor of Red Trumpet, whose customer service and packaging were second to none. York is 45 minutes from my house, and my buddy Jeff and I dropped into Red Trumpet on a few occasions and picked up some fine new and used LPs, including a way cool Classic Recs pressing of Open Sesame by Freddie Hubbard and a Japanese pressing of a Cedar Walton LP from the late 60s.  Actually, I think I spent a few hundred bucks there the first year after I heard about it and was very sad when it folded. Glad to hear Rick's still in the vinyl business.

Paul Boudreau's picture doesn't work - thanks.

Slow Turtle's picture

Before you get your hope up note that this is a post of an article published back in '97.

Paul Boudreau's picture

I hadn't noticed that.  Disappointing...

AndyPrice44's picture

This was a good read. I didn't notice the publish date at the top either and I had my hopes up. I did notice the quality of the photography looks like it was from another era. Mikey also looks pretty young in the photo as well. Maybe there is another warehouse out there somwhere......

mauidj's picture

...but I bet he's a bit pissed by now ;-) Ooops my bad!

markp's picture

I was a frequent customer of Quality Vinyl/Red Trumpet Records, and a subscriber to Analog Corner, and remember the article well.  I was looking forward to when the records would be sold. 

When Quality Vinyl began selling the treasure trove, the prices seemed pretty high, $20-$30 for many records that could be found for $1-$2 in 1997 (this was a time when only the fanatics were still spinning vinyl). 

Once Quality Vinyl went out of business, I wondered what happened to all those records?  Did someone else take the job of selling them?  Are they still in the warehouse?  Anyone know?

kimi imacman's picture

Great story Mikey. Something along those lines happened to me once. Back in the mid 90s I visited my local (UK) record fair and started thumbing trough the usual dross and came along a stall selling a mixture of 60/70 rock/blues. What struck me was all the covers where like new. Examining the discs (Jethro Tull Aqualung and Benefit etc 1st pressings) the discs were the same, heaven! I'd been after these for years. So on I kept looking through the remaining 100+ albums. All the same, originals in unplayed condition.

Speaking to the vendor, he confirmed to the best of his knowledge they were unplayed. They were part of a huge collection he'd bought from a record producer called Nick Tauber who's best known for producing Toyah's (Wilcox, Mrs Robert Fripp) albums. He was an avid collector but it appeared more so than a listener unless he took extraordinary care of his vinyl as they were all completely dust free. I work in a specialist HiFi store and have a Keith Monks RCM and I didn't need it.

Talking to the guy some more whilst eagerly grabbing all that I wanted before someone else did (one copy of each) it turned out this guy also ran a HiFI store south of London. He explained that he had loads more, some 5000+ and invited me for first dip! Naturally I jumped like you and took off soon after coinciding with a Tull gig in central London.

OMG! What I found blew me away. The Doors, 1st UK pressings, all 6 (stereo UK except for Strange Days, 1st Mono) the rest of the Tulls, Stones Excile, Aftermath UK Mono, 12X12 London Mono. Same condition, spanking new. All Van Morrison's early work inc mono Blowin' Your Mind and lots I can't recall right now.

I paid on average just £10 a disc. This was due to 2 factors. We were both in the same business and that Nick Tauber had defaced every album, disc and cover by signing them and numbering them, I understand he did that to prevent theft but hey if he hadn't I'd never have afforded so many, 40+ as I recall.

What I didn't see on this occasion and nor did he for a while was a number of Stones acetates that made big money in a future auction.

So I popped them in the boot (truck to you) of my car, parked up and enjoyed a night of Tull only to find on exiting the venue that my car was gone and so was a collection of records I'd never be able to replace!!

Turned out I'd left one wheel on a curb so the car ended up impounded. Phew, records safe but another £80 down. Still a bargain though.

The other occasion which you'd be glad is a shorter story was in the early 80s many small stores in Oxford street London selling varied merchandise had a basement selling vinyl. One such was Simon's Records and there I found multiple copies of what must have been redundant stock of early 70s originals such as Roy Harper and the like. Christ, I miss those days.

Michael Fremer's picture

I haven't seen this or read it since I wrote it more than 15 years ago so for me it's like reading something written by someone else! We're in the process of posting all of the "vintage" Stereophile Analog Corners that have never before appeared online so there are hundreds more to go.

Check This's picture


@kimi...-->"So I popped them in the boot (truck to you) of my car..." Correction: "trunk" not "truck".

@Michael Fremer-->"All talk and no records makes Mikey a dull boy, so I axed for the guided tour." Really? Should that not have been "asked"?

kimi imacman's picture

Spotted by the grammar/spelling/typo Police again!

WaxtotheMax's picture

I could never have imagined a place more intoxicating. Amazing story! I am just dumbfounded by the treasure within those walls. Thank you so much Mr. Fremer for such a jawdropping article.

LPspinner's picture


      Tried contact info for Quality Vinyl, email goes nowhere and phone #- machine picks

but message does not reference vinyl anything. Any help is appreciated.

Ariel Bitran's picture

all contact deets in this post are a bit antiquated... check out previous comments as well as the publish date for this article.